From Paris |VERIFIED|
Ultimately, Reese learns that the terrorists are targeting a summit meeting. During dinner, Wax realizes that Reese's fiancée Caroline is a sleeper agent who was assigned to infiltrate them. When confronted, Caroline shoots Reese in the shoulder and escapes through a window, before a car picks her up on the street below. Caroline plans to detonate an explosive vest at the summit while the other remaining terrorist speeds towards a US motorcade in an attempted suicide attack, although Wax destroys the vehicle with a rocket launcher just in time. Reese then finds Caroline at the summit and attempts to dissuade her from carrying out her mission, but she attempts to detonate her vest anyway and Reese is ultimately forced to kill her. As the U.S. official from the motorcade arrives at the summit, she berates Reese for inconveniencing her, and Wax reminds Reese of the often ungrateful and ignorant people they protect.
Journey times*2h16 is the fastest journey time from London St Pancras International to Paris Gare du Nord, and 1h53 is the fastest journey time between London St Pancras International to Brussels-Midi. Journey times on these routes average at 2h19 and 2h04 respectively. Correct as at 01/03/2020.
The greener way to go*The analysis of Eurostar versus air emissions has been calculated in an independent analysis by Paul Watkiss Associates Ltd in 2020, based on 2019 CO2e emissions. Comparison between Eurostar and aviation is made based on the kg of greenhouse gas emissions [CO2(e)] per passenger on the same one-way journey. The calculation is based on aviation CO2e emissions from the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) calculator, and train CO2e emissions calculated using Defra methodology for the UK, and the IEA (International Energy Agency) for France, Belgium and the Netherlands. More information on eurostar.com.
In 1962, Lloyd G. DeLamater had a vision: a university that brought together students, educators and explorers from around the world. During the week of March 27 - April 2, AUP celebrates the community that brought his dream to life.
Hosted on the anniversary of the signing of the original charter of the American College in Paris, Founding Week is a seven-day celebration both on campus and around the world that honors everyone who has helped make The American University of Paris what it is today. This year, it runs from March 27 to April 2.
Long-term energy projections vary widely, depending on underlying assumptions and methodologies. This report provides a unique apples-to-apples comparison of projections and addresses the full scope of potential changes to the energy system as envisioned by some of its most knowledgeable organizations. Table 1 shows the historical datasets, outlooks, and scenarios.
The volatility and declines of 2020 in global oil markets are expected to be short-lived, and as we look forward, the current suite of energy projections are split on future oil demand. Reference and Evolving Policies scenarios cast a fairly narrow band of long-term oil demand futures: IEA STEPS lies near the center of these projections, showing oil demand in 2040 roughly 7 percent above 2019 levels. Ambitious Climate scenarios all show contraction in oil demand by midcentury, ranging from a decrease of 39 (IPCC IP4) to 88 (IPCC IP1) percent by 2050 (Figure 5).
Over the last three decades, the energy intensity of the global economy has declined dramatically, reflecting improvements in energy efficiency and, in many nations, a shift away from energy-intensive manufacturing and toward a service-based economy. In the next several decades, energy intensity continues to decline in all scenarios, falling fastest under Ambitious Climate scenarios (Figure 9).
All 1.5C and 2C scenarios other than IP3 and IP4 envision lower global energy demand in 2040 relative to 2019. The energy mix of these models is quite heterogenous but also shows clear areas of agreement. As Figure 13 presents, renewables expansion and fossil fuel retirement are by and large the primary modes of emissions abatement. Even in high-energy-demand scenarios, such as IP3 and IP4, a significant portion of emissions reductions come from a shift away from fossil fuels, particularly coal.
Fossil fuel consumption decreases in both 1.5C and 2C scenarios by 2040. Coal falls from 150 QBtu in 2019 to 68 QBtu or less in 2C scenarios and half that level again to below 34 QBtu in 1.5C scenarios in 2040. Under 2C scenarios, liquids see a slight reduction in consumption from 183 QBtu to between 106 (IRENA Transforming) and 136 (IEA SDS) QBtu. Liquids in 1.5C scenarios (excluding IP4) see sizable reductions, from 113 QBtu in IP2 to just 52 QBtu in IP1. In many 2C and 1.5C scenarios, natural gas consumption remains at a similar level, though IP1 and IP2 would see 133 QBtu demand in 2019 fall to 45 or 53 QBtu in 2040, respectively.
Biomass energy, in some cases paired with CCS, plays a major role in some IPCC 1.5 scenarios. From roughly 50 QBtu in 2019 (a majority of which is traditional biomass), biomass in 2040 falls to 42 QBtu in IP1 and grows slightly to 57 QBtu under IP2. Under IP3 and IP4, however, it becomes one of the largest primary energy sources, growing to 86 and 135 QBtu, respectively. By 2100, biomass grows further under all scenarios, ranging from a low of 71 QBtu under IP1 to 407 QBtu under IP4, accounting for 33 percent of global primary energy demand and rivaled only by solar, which provides 28 percent in 2100.
Comparing to BP historical data that show global CCS at 38 million metric tons in 2018, the highest 2050 projection reaches 17 BMT per year in IP4, with 96 percent coming from BECCS. Less energy-intensive scenarios estimate CCS use at half or less that of IP4, though their levels remain over 50 times greater than 2018. BP Net Zero includes CCS of roughly 5 BMT in 2050, whereas 2C scenarios from Equinor and BP show CCS of roughly 2 BMT and 4 BMT in 2050, respectively.
Multiple treaty documents, however, can be considered as originals. In this case, the United States and British representatives signed at least three originals, two of which are in the holdings of the National Archives. On one of the signed originals the signatures and wax seals are arranged horizontally; on the other they are arranged vertically. In addition, handwritten certified copies were made for the use of Congress. Some online transcriptions of the treaty omit Delaware from the list of former colonies, but the original text does list Delaware.
This document is available on DocsTeach, the online tool for teaching with documents from the National Archives. Find teaching activities that incorporate this document, or create your own online activity.
It having pleased the Divine Providence to dispose the Hearts of the most Serene and most Potent Prince George the Third, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Duke of Brunswick and Lunebourg, Arch- Treasurer and Prince Elector of the Holy Roman Empire etc.. and of the United States of America, to forget all past Misunderstandings and Differences that have unhappily interrupted the good Correspondence and Friendship which they mutually wish to restore; and to establish such a beneficial and satisfactory Intercourse between the two countries upon the ground of reciprocal Advantages and mutual Convenience as may promote and secure to both perpetual Peace and Harmony; and having for this desirable End already laid the Foundation of Peace & Reconciliation by the Provisional Articles signed at Paris on the 30th of November 1782, by the Commissioners empowered on each Part, which Articles were agreed to be inserted in and constitute the Treaty of Peace proposed to be concluded between the Crown of Great Britain and the said United States, but which Treaty was not to be concluded until Terms of Peace should be agreed upon between Great Britain & France, and his Britannic Majesty should be ready to conclude such Treaty accordingly: and the treaty between Great Britain & France having since been concluded, his Britannic Majesty & the United States of America, in Order to carry into full Effect the Provisional Articles above mentioned, according to the Tenor thereof, have constituted & appointed, that is to say his Britannic Majesty on his Part, David Hartley, Esqr., Member of the Parliament of Great Britain, and the said United States on their Part, - stop point - John Adams, Esqr., late a Commissioner of the United States of America at the Court of Versailles, late Delegate in Congress from the State of Massachusetts, and Chief Justice of the said State, and Minister Plenipotentiary of the said United States to their High Mightinesses the States General of the United Netherlands; - stop point - Benjamin Franklin, Esqr., late Delegate in Congress from the State of Pennsylvania, President of the Convention of the said State, and Minister Plenipotentiary from the United States of America at the Court of Versailles; John Jay, Esqr., late President of Congress and Chief Justice of the state of New York, and Minister Plenipotentiary from the said United States at the Court of Madrid; to be Plenipotentiaries for the concluding and signing the Present Definitive Treaty; who after having reciprocally communicated their respective full Powers have agreed upon and confirmed the following Articles.
Article 2d: And that all Disputes which might arise in future on the subject of the Boundaries of the said United States may be prevented, it is hereby agreed and declared, that the following are and shall be their Boundaries, viz.; from the Northwest Angle of Nova Scotia, viz., that Angle which is formed by a Line drawn due North from the Source of St. Croix River to the Highlands; along the said Highlands which divide those Rivers that empty themselves into the river St. Lawrence, from those which fall into the Atlantic Ocean, to the northwesternmost Head of Connecticut River; Thence down along the middle of that River to the forty-fifth Degree of North Latitude; From thence by a Line due West on said Latitude until it strikes the River Iroquois or Cataraquy; Thence along the middle of said River into Lake Ontario; through the Middle of said Lake until it strikes the Communication by Water between that Lake & Lake Erie; Thence along the middle of said Communication into Lake Erie, through the middle of said Lake until it arrives at the Water Communication between that lake & Lake Huron; Thence along the middle of said Water Communication into the Lake Huron, thence through the middle of said Lake to the Water Communication between that Lake and Lake Superior; thence through Lake Superior Northward of the Isles Royal & Phelipeaux to the Long Lake; Thence through the middle of said Long Lake and the Water Communication between it & the Lake of the Woods, to the said Lake of the Woods; Thence through the said Lake to the most Northwestern Point thereof, and from thence on a due West Course to the river Mississippi; Thence by a Line to be drawn along the Middle of the said river Mississippi until it shall intersect the Northernmost Part of the thirty-first Degree of North Latitude, South, by a Line to be drawn due East from the Determination of the Line last mentioned in the Latitude of thirty-one Degrees of the Equator to the middle of the River Apalachicola or Catahouche; Thence along the middle thereof to its junction with the Flint River; Thence straight to the Head of Saint Mary's River, and thence down along the middle of Saint Mary's River to the Atlantic Ocean. East, by a Line to be drawn along the Middle of the river Saint Croix, from its Mouth in the Bay of Fundy to its Source, and from its Source directly North to the aforesaid Highlands, which divide the Rivers that fall into the Atlantic Ocean from those which fall into the river Saint Lawrence; comprehending all Islands within twenty Leagues of any Part of the Shores of the United States, and lying between Lines to be drawn due East from the Points where the aforesaid Boundaries between Nova Scotia on the one Part and East Florida on the other shall, respectively, touch the Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic Ocean, excepting such Islands as now are or heretofore have been within the limits of the said Province of Nova Scotia. 041b061a72